Abdominal diameter index is a stronger predictor of prevalent Barrett's esophagus than BMI or waist-to-hip ratio

D. Baik, J. Sheng, K. Schlaffer, F. K. Friedenberg, M. S. Smith, Adam C. Ehrlich

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

Abdominal obesity is associated with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and Barrett's esophagus (BE). Increased body mass index (BMI) and waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) have been associated with BE. Abdominal diameter index (ADI, sagittal abdominal diameter divided by thigh circumference) was previously shown to be a more accurate predictor of incident cardiovascular disease compared to other measurements. Our aim is to examine whether abdominal diameter index was a more accurate predictor of prevalent BE compared to other anthropometric measurements. We conducted a case-control study of patients presenting to our institution. Our study population was consecutive Caucasian men with a known history of BE, and we recruited control patients who had GERD without BE. Both groups completed a questionnaire about demographics, smoking, and medications and underwent a series of anthropometric body measurements using standardized measuring tools. BMI, waist-to-hip ratio, and abdominal diameter index were calculated. Thirty-one BE patients and 27 control patients were recruited. The BE cohort were older and had a higher rate of hiatal hernia. The mean abdominal diameter index for patients with BE was 0.65 ± 0.07 and without BE was 0.60 ± 0.07 (p = 0.01). The predictive value of abdominal diameter index was analyzed using a receiver-operator characteristic (ROC) curve and was a more powerful predictor of BE than waist-to-hip ratio or BMI (AUROC = 0.70 vs. 0.60 vs. 0.52, respectively). Using a cut-point abdominal diameter index value of 0.60, abdominal diameter index had a sensitivity of 77.4% and a specificity of 63.0% for the presence of BE. When controlling for age, smoking status, and BMI, an abdominal diameter index =0.60 was a significant independent risk factor for BE (OR = 5.7, 95% CI = 1.29-25.4). In this pilot study, the abdominal diameter index appears to be a more powerful predictor of the presence of BE than BMI and waist-to-hip ratio and remained the only significant predictor of BE in multivariate analysis.We propose further validation of abdominal diameter index before inclusion in future prediction tools for BE.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-6
Number of pages6
JournalDiseases of the Esophagus
Volume30
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Sep 2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Anthropometry
  • Barrett's esophagus
  • Esophageal adenocarcinoma
  • Gastroesophageal reflux
  • Sagittal abdominal diameter

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