A viral-vectored RSV vaccine induces long-lived humoral immunity in cotton rats

Jessica L. Grieves, Zhiwei Yin, Adolfo Garcia-Sastre, Ignacio Mena, Mark E. Peeples, Heidi P. Risman, Hannah Federman, Marvin J. Sandoval, Russell K. Durbin, Joan E. Durbin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


Human respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is the leading cause of lower airway disease in infants worldwide and repeatedly infects immunocompetent individuals throughout life. Severe lower airway RSV infection during infancy can be life-threatening, but is also associated with important sequelae including development of asthma and recurrent wheezing in later childhood. The basis for the inadequate, short-lived adaptive immune response to RSV infection is poorly understood, but it is widely recognized that RSV actively antagonizes Type I interferon (IFN) production. In addition to the induction of the anti-viral state, IFN production during viral infection is critical for downstream development of robust, long-lived immunity. Based on the hypothesis that a vaccine that induced robust IFN production would be protective, we previously constructed a Newcastle disease virus-vectored vaccine that expresses the F glycoprotein of RSV (NDV-F) and demonstrated that vaccinated mice had reduced lung viral loads and an enhanced IFN-γ response after RSV challenge. Here we show that vaccination also protected cotton rats from RSV challenge and induced long-lived neutralizing antibody production, even in RSV immune animals. Finally, pulmonary eosinophilia induced by RSV infection of unvaccinated cotton rats was prevented by vaccination. Overall, these data demonstrate enhanced protective immunity to RSV F when this protein is presented in the context of an abortive NDV infection.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3842-3852
Number of pages11
Issue number26
StatePublished - 18 Jun 2018


  • B cell memory
  • Cotton rat
  • Inflammatory response
  • Respiratory syncytial virus
  • Upper airway
  • Virus-vectored


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