A systematic review of the reproductive and oncologic outcomes of fertility-sparing surgery for early-stage cervical cancer

Farr Nezhat, Hadi Erfani, Camran Nezhat

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


In this review, we aim to evaluate the current literature on reproductive and oncologic outcomes after fertility-sparing surgery for early-stage cervical cancer (stage IA1-IB1). This is a systematic review of the existing literature using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis (PRISMA) checklist to report on fertility-sparing surgery and its outcomes in early-stage cervical cancer. Outcomes of interest were subsequent clinical pregnancy rate, reproductive outcomes, and cancer recurrence outcomes. Included in this systematic review were 68 studies encompassing 3,592 patients who underwent fertility-sparing surgery. Of these, reproductive outcomes were reported in 1096 pregnancies. The mean clinical pregnancy rate was 53.2%. Those who underwent vaginal radical trachelectomy had the highest clinical pregnancy rate (67.5%). The mean live birth rate was 67.8% in our study. Twenty-one percent of pregnancies after fertility-sparing surgery required assisted reproductive technology. The mean cancer recurrence rate was 3.2%, and the cancer death rate was 0.6% after a median follow-up period of 40.1 months with no statistically significant difference across surgical approaches. Offering fertility-sparing surgery in early-stage cervical cancer is reasonable. Highest clinical pregnancy rate is associated with vaginal radical trachelectomy. Moreover oncologic outcomes of minimally invasive approaches were comparable with abdominal approaches. We encourage detailed preoperative counseling and multidisciplinary approach to achieve best outcomes. (J Turk Ger Gynecol Assoc 2022; 23: 287-313).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)287-313
Number of pages27
JournalJournal of the Turkish German Gynecology Association
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 2022
Externally publishedYes


  • Cervical cancer
  • fertility-sparing surgery
  • pregnancy outcomes


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