A SelectMDx/magnetic resonance imaging-based nomogram to diagnose prostate cancer

Vinayak G. Wagaskar, Micah Levy, Parita Ratnani, Sharmila Sullimada, Mae Gerenia, Kacie Schlussel, Samia Choudhury, Marla Gabriele, Ian Haas, Kenneth Haines, Ash Tewari

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: 70%–80% of prostate cancer (PCa) biopsies performed in the US annually may be unnecessary. Specific antigen testing (PSA) and tans rectal ultrasound (TRUS) are imprecise predictive methods for risk of PCa. Novel strategies are critical to guide biopsy decision-making. Aim: We assessed the utility and accuracy of combining Select MDx and multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI) scores for predicting risk of PCa. Methods and Results: Our study was conducted at Mount Sinai hospital at Urology department in New York City from January 2020 to April 2021. Total 129 men performed select MDx test. Indications for prostate biopsy were high-risk Select MDx score, suspicious DRE, PI-RADS scores 3/4/5 on mpMRI, or any combination of these. Fifty-one percentage of 129 patients underwent systemic or combined systemic and MRI/US (ultrasound) fusion biopsy; All men underwent 3 T MRI of Prostate w/wo contrast using standard protocols prior to biopsy. A single surgeon performed prostate biopsies. Gleason score ≥3 + 3 on biopsy is defined as outcome. Descriptive statistics were calculated as cross tables. Binary logistic regression model is used to determine the outcome. The nomogram was based on the coefficients of the logit function. ROCs were plotted and decision curve analysis was performed. Using both high-risk Select MDx and PI-RADS scores of 4/5, 87% of biopsies could have been avoided, while detecting 64% of PCa and missing 36%. If biopsies were performed on men with positive Select MDx or PI-RADS 4/5 results, 16% of biopsies could have been avoided while detecting all PCa. Combining these scores improved specificity and accuracy for the detection of PCa over either used alone. Study limitations include limited sample size, sole institution study, and risk or overfitting for the proposed model which may limit generalizability. Conclusion: Combining SelectMDx and mpMRI PI-PADS scores of 4/5 may be useful for PCa biopsy decision-making.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere1668
JournalCancer Reports
Volume6
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2023
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • PCa biomarkers
  • SelectMDx
  • mpMRI PI RADS score
  • prostate biopsy

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