A Regional, Cost-Effective, Collaborative Model for Critical Care Fellows’ Ultrasonography Education

Paru Patrawalla, Mangala Narasimhan, Lewis Eisen, Ariel L. Shiloh, Seth Koenig, Paul Mayo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


Objective: Training in critical care ultrasonography is an essential tool in critical care medicine and recommended for fellowship programs in pulmonary and critical care medicine. Major barriers to implementing competency-based training in individual fellowship programs include a lack of expert faculty, time, and funding. Our objective was to investigate whether regional collaboration to deliver an introductory critical care ultrasonography course for fellows might overcome these barriers while achieving international training standards. Methods: This was a retrospective review of course evaluation and learner assessment data from a 3-day ultrasonography course between 2012 and 2017. All critical care fellows (n = 545) attending the course completed pre- and postcourse surveys and postcourse knowledge and technical skills tests. Evaluation of educational outcomes was performed based on the Kirkpatrick model. Results: Fellows reported minimal prior formal training in ultrasonography, and ultrasound-guided vascular access was the most common area of prior training. The course was a blended model of didactic lectures coordinated with real-time demonstration scanning using live models, hands-on training on human models and task trainers, and interpretation of ultrasonography images with a wide range of pathology. Course content included basic echocardiography and general critical care ultrasonography (lung, pleural, vascular diagnostic, vascular access, and abdominal ultrasonography). At the conclusion of the course, fellows demonstrated high levels of knowledge and skill competence on a previously validated assessment tool and significantly improved confidence in all content areas. Barriers to training at individual programs were overcome through faculty cooperation, faculty development, and cost sharing. Success of this model is supported by the sustained growth of this course. Conclusions: A regional collaborative model for training fellows in ultrasonography is a feasible, efficient, and flexible model for delivering curricula, where expertise at individual programs is not routinely available.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1447-1452
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Intensive Care Medicine
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 2020


  • collaborative education
  • competency-based education
  • critical care ultrasonography
  • echocardiography training
  • fellowship education
  • fellowship training
  • ultrasonography training


Dive into the research topics of 'A Regional, Cost-Effective, Collaborative Model for Critical Care Fellows’ Ultrasonography Education'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this