A Recombinant Antibody-Expressing Influenza Virus Delays Tumor Growth in a Mouse Model

Jennifer R. Hamilton, Gayathri Vijayakumar, Peter Palese

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Scopus citations

Abstract

Influenza A virus (IAV) has shown promise as an oncolytic agent. To improve IAV as an oncolytic virus, we sought to design a transgenic virus expressing an immune checkpoint-inhibiting antibody during the viral life cycle. To test whether it was possible to express an antibody during infection, an influenza virus was constructed encoding the heavy chain of an antibody on the PB1 segment and the light chain of an antibody on the PA segment. This antibody-expressing IAV grows to high titers, and the antibodies secreted from infected cells exhibit comparable functionality with hybridoma-produced antibodies. To enhance the anti-cancer activity of IAV, an influenza virus was engineered to express a single-chain antibody antagonizing the immune checkpoint CTLA4 (IAV-CTLA4). In mice implanted with the aggressive B16-F10 melanoma, intratumoral injection with IAV-CTLA4 delayed the growth of treated tumors, mediated an abscopal effect, and increased overall survival. Influenza virus has potential as an anti-cancer agent. Hamilton et al. engineer antibody-expressing influenza viruses and demonstrate that encoding a single-chain antibody blocking the immune checkpoint CTLA4 enhances the anti-cancer activity of influenza virus. These data suggest a strategy for improving the oncolytic nature of Orthomyxoviruses.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-7
Number of pages7
JournalCell Reports
Volume22
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2 Jan 2018

Keywords

  • cancer immunotherapies
  • influenza viruses
  • oncolytic viruses

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