A randomized trial of hypnosis for relief of pain and anxiety in adult cancer patients undergoing bone marrow procedures

Alison Snow, David Dorfman, Rachel Warbet, Meredith Cammarata, Stephanie Eisenman, Felice Zilberfein, Luis Isola, Shyamala Navada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Scopus citations

Abstract

Pain and anxiety are closely associated with bone marrow aspirates and biopsies. To determine whether hypnosis administered concurrently with the procedure can ameliorate these morbidities, the authors randomly assigned 80 cancer patients undergoing bone marrow aspirates and biopsies to either hypnosis or standard of care. The hypnosis intervention reduced the anxiety associated with procedure, but the difference in pain scores between the two groups was not statistically significant. The authors conclude that brief hypnosis concurrently administered reduces patient anxiety during bone marrow aspirates and biopsies but may not adequately control pain. The authors explain this latter finding as indicating that the sensory component of a patient's pain experience may be of lesser importance than the affective component. The authors describe future studies to clarify their results and address the limitations of this study.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)281-293
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Psychosocial Oncology
Volume30
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 May 2012

Keywords

  • anxiety
  • bone marrow biopsies
  • hematological malignancies
  • hypnosis
  • pain

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