A quick guide to evidence-based chronic kidney disease care for the primary care physician

Chester H. Fox, Vasu Voleti, Linda S. Khan, Brian Murray, Joseph Vassalotti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


With the aging of the US population and the increase in hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and obesity, the prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) is increasing in the United States. Its prevalence rate has risen to 13.1% of the US population. Patients with CKD experience poor outcomes and have high health care costs. Chronic kidney disease is also a major cardiovascular disease risk factor. In fact, most people with CKD die of heart disease before they progress to end-stage renal disease. The National Kidney Foundation has produced evidence-based guidelines known as the Kidney Disease Outcomes Quality Initiative (KDOQI). These guidelines outline many things that the primary care physician can do to delay the progression of CKD, and to arrange for early referral for the prevention of future complications. However, there is limited knowledge and uptake of these guidelines because of their length and and complexity. Patients with CKD risk factors, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular disease, a family history of CKD, and those older than 60 years should be screened using 2 tests: 1) the estimated glomerular filtration rate and 2) the urinary albumin-creatinine ratio. These tests allow the diagnosis and stratification of CKD into 5 stages. This article synthesizes the key evidence-based behaviors and clinical action plan that primary care physicians can implement to treat CKD and its complications.

Original languageEnglish
JournalPostgraduate Medicine
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jul 2008


  • Chronic disease management
  • Chronic kidney disease
  • Evidence-based care
  • Kidney failure
  • Renal insufficiency


Dive into the research topics of 'A quick guide to evidence-based chronic kidney disease care for the primary care physician'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this