A proposal for a 9-lead electrocardiogram recorded via the Wilson's central terminal

John E. Madias

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

The author argues that the universally employed 12-lead standard electrocardiogram (ECG) which consists of a conglomerate of 3 bipolar limb leads, 6 quasi-unipolar precordial leads acquired via the Wilson's central terminal (WCT), and 3 augmented limb leads recorded via the Goldberger's changing assembly of limb connections, different for each of the augmented leads, is scientifically unsuitable and can be replaced by a 9-lead ECG format comprising the 6 precordial V1-V6 leads and leads VR, VL, and VF, all recorded via the WCT. The reasons and the advantages of such as switch are being discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)103-106
Number of pages4
JournalAnnals of Noninvasive Electrocardiology
Volume18
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2013
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Einthoven's limb leads
  • Goldberger's central terminal
  • Wilson's central terminal
  • augmented limb leads
  • bipolar ECG leads
  • electrocardiogram
  • intracardiac electrograms
  • limb leads
  • multilead body surface potential maps
  • new ECG lead configurations
  • precordial ECG leads
  • unipolar ECG leads

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