DNA replication stress (RS) is a widespread phenomenon in carcinogenesis, causing genomic instability and extensive chromatin alterations. DNA damage leads to activation of innate immune signaling, but little is known about transcriptional regulators mediating such signaling upon RS. Using a chemical screen, we identified protein arginine methyltransferase 5 (PRMT5) as a key mediator of RS-dependent induction of interferon-stimulated genes (ISGs). This response is also associated with reactivation of endogenous retroviruses (ERVs). Using quantitative mass spectrometry, we identify proteins with PRMT5-dependent symmetric dimethylarginine (SDMA) modification induced upon RS. Among these, we show that PRMT5 targets and modulates the activity of ZNF326, a zinc finger protein essential for ISG response. Our data demonstrate a role for PRMT5-mediated SDMA in the context of RS-induced transcriptional induction, affecting physiological homeostasis and cancer therapy.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbereadm9589
JournalScience advances
Issue number23
StatePublished - Jun 2024


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