A Plastic Surgeons Guide to the Temporomandibular Joint: Part III, Treatment

Esperanza Mantilla-Rivas, Hannah R. Crowder, Jacob S. Nasser, Monica Manrique, Taylor J. Ibelli, Mitchell Buller, Albert K. Oh, S. Alex Rottgers, Peter J. Taub, Erik M. Wolfswinkel, Jason M. Marrazzo, Gary F. Rogers

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


The temporomandibular joint (TMJ) has a complex and unique anatomy. When disarranged, it may produce a constellation of symptoms and dysfunction, leading to morbidity. The causes of TMJ dysfunction are numerous but often present with similar clinical signs and symptoms. In this series, we included a review of normal anatomy and a review of the pathophysiology with assessment of the most common TMJ dysfunctions, including myofascial pain, internal derangements of the articular disk, osteoarthrosis, among others. The authors present the last of a 3-part educational series on the TMJ, addressing treatment strategies for these disorders.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)239-250
Number of pages12
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 2023


  • temporomandibular disorders
  • temporomandibular joint


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