A pilot study of hippocampal volume and n-acetylaspartate (NAA) as response biomarkers in riluzole-treated patients with GAD

Chadi G. Abdallah, Jeremy D. Coplan, Andrea Jackowski, João R. Sato, Xiangling Mao, Dikoma C. Shungu, Sanjay J. Mathew

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

57 Scopus citations


Anxiolytic benefit following chronic treatment with the glutamate modulating agent riluzole in patients with generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) was previously associated with differential changes in hippocampal NAA concentrations. Here, we investigated the association between hippocampal volume and hippocampal NAA in the context of riluzole response in GAD. Eighteen medication-free adult patients with GAD received 8-week of open-label riluzole. Ten healthy subjects served as a comparison group. Participants underwent magnetic resonance imaging and spectroscopy at baseline and at the end of Week 8. GAD patients who completed all interventions were classified as remitters (n=7) or non-remitters (n=6), based on final Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale (HAM-A) scores < 7. At baseline, GAD patients had a significant reduction in total hippocampal volume compared to healthy subjects (F(1,21)=6.55, p=0.02). This reduction was most pronounced in the remitters, compared to non-remitters and healthy subjects. Delta (final-baseline) hippocampal volume was positively correlated with delta NAA in GAD. This positive association was highly significant in the right hippocampus in GAD [r=0.81, p=0.002], with no significant association in healthy subjects [Fisher r-to-z p=0.017]. Across all GAD patients, delta hippocampal volume was positively associated with improvement in HAM-A (rspearman=0.62, p=0.03). These preliminary findings support hippocampal NAA and volume as neural biomarkers substantially associated with therapeutic response to a glutamatergic drug.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)276-284
Number of pages9
JournalEuropean Neuropsychopharmacology
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2013
Externally publishedYes


  • Biomarkers
  • Disorder
  • Generalized anxiety
  • Glutamate
  • Hippocampal volume
  • Magnetic resonance spectroscopy
  • N-acetylaspartate
  • Riluzole


Dive into the research topics of 'A pilot study of hippocampal volume and n-acetylaspartate (NAA) as response biomarkers in riluzole-treated patients with GAD'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this