A Phase 2 Study of In Situ Oncolytic Virus Therapy and Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy Followed by Pembrolizumab in Metastatic Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

Jian Guan, Kai Sun, Carlo A. Guerrero, Junjun Zheng, Yitian Xu, Sunil Mathur, Bin S. Teh, Andrew Farach, Jun Zhang, Edward Butler, Ping Ying Pan, Eva Zsigmond, Zhuyong Mei, Jaime Mejia, Shu Hsia Chen, Jenny C. Chang, Eric H. Bernicker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: A phase 2 study of stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) and in situ oncolytic virus therapy in metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (mNSCLC) followed by pembrolizumab (STOMP) was designed to explore the dual approach in enhancing single pembrolizumab with ADV/HSV-tk plus valacyclovir gene therapy and SBRT in mNSCLC. Methods and Materials: STOMP is a single-arm, open-label phase 2 study. Patients with mNSCLC received intratumoral injections of ADV/HSV-tk (5 × 1011 vp) and SBRT (30 Gy in 5 fractions) followed by pembrolizumab 200 mg IV every 3 weeks until disease progression or intolerable toxicity. The primary endpoint was overall response rate (ORR) (complete response [CR] and partial response [PR]). Secondary endpoints included clinical benefit rate (CBR) (CR, PR and stable disease [SD]), progression-free survival (PFS), overall survival (OS), and safety. Results: 28 patients were enrolled, of whom 27 were evaluated for response. The ORR was 33.3%, including 2 CR (7.4%) and 7 PR (25.9%). CBR was 70.4%. Six of eight (75.0%) patients who were immune checkpoint inhibitor (ICI) refractory derived clinical benefits. Responders had durable responses with median PFS, and OS not reached. The entire cohort had a median PFS of 7.4 months (95% CI, 5.1-9.6 months), and median OS of 18.1 months (95% CI, 15.4-20.9 months). The combination was well tolerated, with grade 3 or higher toxicity in 6 (21.4%) patients. Conclusions: The dual approach of in situ ADV/HSV-tk plus valacyclovir gene therapy and SBRT as a chemotherapy-sparing strategy to enhance the antitumor effect of pembrolizumab is a well-tolerated encouraging treatment in patients with mNSCLC.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1531-1540
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics
Volume118
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Apr 2024
Externally publishedYes

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