A pharmacological comparison of parathyroid hormone receptors in human bone and kidney

John J. Orloff, Andrea E. Ribaudo, Roberta L. Mckee, Michael Rosenblatt, Andrew F. Stewart

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations


While abundant information is available characterizing PTH receptor properties in other species, data on human PTH receptors is very limited. We have been interested in the possibility that tissue-specific differences among human PTH receptors (i.e. bone vs. kidney) might exist. We have, therefore, compared pharmacological profiles for a wide array of PTH and PTH-related peptide (PTHrP) analogs in human osteoblast-like cells (SaOS-2) and human renal cortical membranes (RCM) using radioiodinated (Tyr36)hPTHrP(1-36)NH2 as a probe for PTH receptor function. The rank order of receptor affinity for 10 PTH/PTHrP receptor agonists tested was very similar in the bone and kidney assay systems. Binding affinity for these peptides was greater in human (h)RCMs and SaOS-2 membranes than in SaOS-2 intact cells. The relative binding affinities for (Tyr36)hPTHrP(1-36)amide, hPTH(1-34), bovine (b)PTH(1-34), and rat PTH(1-34) were similar in human RCMs, SaOS-2 membranes, and SaOS-2 cells. bPTH(1-84) and hPTHrP(1-74) both manifested lower receptor affinity than the amino-terminal analogs. Seven PTH/PTHrP receptor antagonists were also studied in this homologous human assay system. The binding affinity for hPTHrP(7-34)NH2 was 2- to 3-fold greater than that for (Tyr34)bPTH(7-34)NH2 in RCM and SaOS-2 membranes. However, in SaOS-2 cells, a striking reversal in the relative binding affinities was observed; the PTHrP(7-34) analog was nearly 3-fold less potent than (Tyr34)bPTH(7-34)NH2, underscoring a difference between intact and broken cell preparations. Two hybrid PTH-PTHrP receptor antagonists demonstrated similar relative affinity to each other in the human bone and kidney assay systems. Affinity cross-linking of receptors in human renal and skeletal tissues demonstrated an indistinguishable dominant 85-kilodalton receptor protein. We conclude that the binding and bioactivity profiles of a broad array of PTH and PTHrP peptides are very similar or identical in human renal and skeletal tissues. Differences relating to intact vs. broken cell preparations accounted for some variation in potency. These studies emphasize the importance of employing homologous assay systems to study PTH receptor function and the existence of interspecies differences among PTH receptors. The results support the possibility that PTH receptors in human bone and human kidney are very similar if not identical.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1603-1611
Number of pages9
Issue number4
StatePublished - Oct 1992
Externally publishedYes


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