A novel therapeutic combination of sitagliptin and melatonin regenerates pancreatic β-cells in mouse and human islets

Roma Patel, Nishant Parmar, Nirali Rathwa, Sayantani Pramanik Palit, Yansui Li, Adolfo Garcia-Ocaña, Rasheedunnisa Begum

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


Autoimmune-led challenge resulting in β-cell loss is responsible for the development of type 1 diabetes (T1D). Melatonin, a pineal hormone or sitagliptin, a dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPP-IV) inhibitor, has increased β-cell mass in various diabetic models and has immunoregulatory property. Both β-cell regenerative capacity and melatonin secretion decrease with ageing. Thus, we aimed to investigate the therapeutic potential of melatonin combined with sitagliptin on β-cell regeneration under glucotoxic stress, in the streptozotocin-induced young and old diabetic mouse models, and euglycemic humanized islet transplant mouse model. Our results suggest that combination therapy of sitagliptin and melatonin show an additive effect in inducing mouse β-cell regeneration under glucotoxic stress, and in the human islet transplant mouse model. Further, in the young diabetic mouse model, the monotherapies induce β-cell transdifferentiation and reduce β-cell apoptosis whereas, in the old diabetic mouse model, melatonin and sitagliptin induce β-cell proliferation and β-cell transdifferentiation, and it also reduces β-cell apoptosis. Further, in both the models, combination therapy reduces fasting blood glucose levels, increases plasma insulin levels and glucose tolerance and promotes β-cell proliferation, β-cell transdifferentiation, and reduces β-cell apoptosis. It can be concluded that combination therapy is superior to monotherapies in ameliorating diabetic manifestations, and it can be used as a future therapy for β-cell regeneration in diabetes patients.

Original languageEnglish
Article number119263
JournalBiochimica et Biophysica Acta - Molecular Cell Research
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 2022


  • Diabetes
  • Glucose tolerance
  • Melatonin
  • Sitagliptin
  • β-Cell regeneration


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