Background: SYNJ1 encodes Synaptojanin-1, a dual-function poly-phosphoinositide phosphatase that is expressed in the brain to regulate neuronal synaptic vesicle dynamics. Biallelic SYNJ1 variants cause a spectrum of clinical manifestations, from early onset parkinsonism to developmental and epileptic encephalopathy. Methods: Proband-only exome sequencing was used to identify a homozygous SYNJ1 pathogenic variant in an individual with epileptic encephalopathy. Sanger sequencing was used to confirm the variant. Results: We present an Afro-Caribbean female who developed uncontrollable seizures shortly after birth, accompanied by developmental delay and severe generalized dystonia. She had homozygosity for a novel c.242-2A > G variant in SYNJ1 with both parents being heterozygous carriers. An older sister was reported to have had a similar presentation but was not examined. Both siblings died at an approximate age of 16 years. Conclusions: We report a novel pathogenic variant in SYNJ1 present in homozygosity leading to developmental and epileptic encephalopathy. Currently, there are only 4 reports describing 10 individuals with SYNJ1-related developmental and epileptic encephalopathy. This case expands the clinical knowledge and the allelic heterogeneity associated with SYNJ1 variants.
|Journal||Molecular genetics & genomic medicine|
|State||Published - Jan 2023|
- developmental and epileptic encephalopathy
- synaptojanin 1