A national analysis of the effect alcohol use disorder has on short-term complications and readmissions following total shoulder arthroplasty

Christopher A. White, Addison Quinones, Justin E. Tang, Liam R. Butler, Akiro H. Duey, Jun S. Kim, Samuel K. Cho, Paul J. Cagle

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Alcohol use disorder has been associated with broad health consequences that may interfere with healing after total shoulder arthroplasty. The aim of this study was to explore the impact of alcohol use disorder on readmissions and complications following total shoulder arthroplasty. Methods: We used data from the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project National Readmissions Database (NRD) from 2016 to 2018. Patients were included based on International Classification of Diseases, 10th Revision (ICD-10) procedure codes for anatomic total shoulder arthroplasty (aTSA) and reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (rTSA). Patients with an alcohol use disorder (AUD) were identified using the ICD-10 diagnosis code F10.20. Demographics, complications, and 30-day and 90-day readmission were collected for all patients. A univariate logistic regression was performed to investigate AUD as a factor affecting readmission and complication rates. A multivariate logistic regression model was created to assess the impact of alcohol use disorder on complications and readmission while controlling for demographic factors. Results: In total, 164,527 patients were included, and 503 (0.3%) patients had a prior diagnosis of AUD. Revision surgery was more common in patients with an alcohol use disorder (8.8% vs. 6.2%; p = 0.022). Postoperative infection (p = 0.026), dislocation (p = 0.025), liver complications (p < 0.01), and 90-day readmission (p < 0.01) were more common in patients with a diagnosed AUD. On multivariate analysis, patients with an AUD were found to be at increased odds for liver complications (OR: 46.8; 95% CI: [32.8, 66.8]; p < 0.01). Comparatively, mean age, length of stay, and over healthcare costs were also higher for patients with an AUD. Conclusion: Patients with a diagnosis of AUD were more likely to suffer from shoulder dislocation, liver complications, and 90-day readmission, while also being younger and having longer hospital stays. Therefore, surgeons should take caution to anticipate and prevent complications and readmissions following total shoulder arthroplasty in patients with an AUD.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)13-17
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Orthopaedics
Volume35
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2023

Keywords

  • Alcohol use disorder
  • Complications
  • Infection
  • Readmission
  • Shoulder arthroplasty

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