A most formidable arsenal: Genetic technologies for building a better mouse

James F. Clark, Colin J. Dinsmore, Philippe Soriano

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations


The mouse is one of the most widely used model organisms for genetic study. The tools available to alter the mouse genome have developed over the preceding decades from forward screens to gene targeting in stem cells to the recent influx of CRISPR approaches. In this review, we first consider the history of mice in genetic study, the development of classic approaches to genome modification, and how such approaches have been used and improved in recent years. We then turn to the recent surge of nuclease-mediated techniques and how they are changing the field of mouse genetics. Finally, we survey common classes of alleles used in mice and discuss how they might be engineered using different methods.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1256-1286
Number of pages31
JournalGenes and Development
Issue number19-20
StatePublished - 1 Oct 2020


  • Gene targeting
  • Genetics
  • Mice
  • Transgenesis


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