A literature review: pre-/post-operative atrial fibrillation for thoracic aortic aneurysm procedures

Annet S. Kuruvilla, Sohaib Agha, Ashutosh Yaligar, Henry J. Tannous, Allison J. McLarty, A. Laurie Shroyer, Thomas V. Bilfinger

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Atrial fibrillation (AF) is among the most frequent cardiac surgical arrhythmias documented. The global AF prevalence is estimated at over 33 million cases, with estimates ranging up to 6.1 million cases in the United States. Among cardiac surgical patients, the risk factors for new-onset post-operative AF (POAF) include Caucasian race with increased prevalence documented in older men. Due to trends of earlier thoracic aortic aneurysm (TAA) detection and treatment, it is timely to review the AF association with adverse TAA clinical outcomes. Towards this goal, a comprehensive PubMed literature review was performed. For this initial Medline literature search, the MeSH search strategy included “thoracic aortic aneurysm” and “atrial fibrillation”. Based on the pertinent articles identified, the limited literature available for preoperative TAA AF and the predictors of POAF following TAA procedures were reviewed. Given only a handful of publications addressing these pre-/post-operative AF topics were identified using this very broad initial search approach, a knowledge chasm exists–as very little is known about TAA patients with pre-operative or new-onset post-operative AF. Given the paucity of evidence-based information available, clinically relevant TAA-specific research questions have been raised to guide future TAA AF-related investigations.

Original languageEnglish
Article number45
JournalVessel Plus
Volume6
DOIs
StatePublished - 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Atrial fibrillation (AF)
  • post-operative
  • pre-operative
  • thoracic aortic aneurysm (TAA)

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