A limited number of globin genes in human DNA

R. Gambino, D. Kacian, J. O'Donnell, F. Ramirez, P. A. Marks, A. Bank

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations


The number of globin genes in human cells was determined by hybridizing DNA from human spleens to 3H labeled DNA complementary to human globin mRNA. Assuming the rates of reannealing of complementary DNA and cellular DNA are similar, the extent of hybridization of complementary DNA at various ratios of cellular DNA to complementary DNA indicate that there are fewer than 10 globin gene copies per haploid human genome. An alternative analysis of the data, which introduces no assumptions concerning the relative rates of reaction of complementary DNA and cellular DNA, indicates fewer than 20 globin gene copies are present. DNA isolated from the spleen of a patient with β + thalassemia contained a number of globin gene copies similar to that of normal DNA.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3966-3970
Number of pages5
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Issue number10
StatePublished - 1974


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