A haptic simulator to increase laparoscopic force application sensitivity

Lindsay O. Long, Ravikiran B. Singapogu, Giovannina Arcese, Dane E. Smith, Timothy C. Burg, Christopher C. Pagano, Karen J.L. Burg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Laparoscopic surgery demands perceptual-motor skills that are fundamentally different from open surgery, and laparoscopists must be adept at perceiving tissue interaction at the surgical site and then applying precise amounts of forces through instruments without damaging tissues. A haptic simulator that emulates multiple salient laparoscopic tasks and renders differing degrees of forces was created. Two of the haptic skills tasks were evaluated in two studies to determine their ability to distinguish and then train laparoscopic force application sensitivity. Results suggested that the simulator has the capability of rendering salient force feedback information to which novices become increasingly more perceptually sensitive.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)273-275
Number of pages3
JournalStudies in Health Technology and Informatics
StatePublished - 2013
Externally publishedYes


  • Force application
  • Haptic simulator
  • Laparoscopic skills
  • Surgical training


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