A founder mutation in COL4A3 causes autosomal recessive Alport syndrome in the Ashkenazi Jewish population

B. D. Webb, T. Brandt, L. Liu, C. Jalas, J. Liao, A. Fedick, M. D. Linderman, G. A. Diaz, R. Kornreich, H. Trachtman, L. Mehta, L. Edelmann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Alport syndrome is an inherited progressive nephropathy arising from mutations in the type IV collagen genes, COL4A3, COL4A4, and COL4A5. Symptoms also include sensorineural hearing loss and ocular lesions. We determined the molecular basis of Alport syndrome in a non-consanguineous Ashkenazi Jewish family with multiple affected females using linkage analysis and next generation sequencing. We identified a homozygous COL4A3 mutation, c.40_63del, in affected individuals with mutant alleles inherited from each parent on partially conserved haplotypes. Large-scale population screening of 2017 unrelated Ashkenazi Jewish samples revealed a carrier frequency of 1 in 183 indicating that COL4A3 c.40_63del is a founder mutation which may be a common cause of Alport syndrome in this population. Additionally, we determined that heterozygous mutation carriers in this family do not meet criteria for a diagnosis of Thin Basement Membrane Nephropathy and concluded that carriers of c.40_63del are not likely to develop benign familial hematuria.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)155-160
Number of pages6
JournalClinical Genetics
Volume86
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2014

Keywords

  • Alport syndrome
  • Ashkenazi Jewish
  • COL4A3
  • Founder mutation

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