A double-blind, randomized, multicenter, controlled trial of suspended polymethylmethacrylate microspheres for the correction of atrophic facial acne scars

Jwala Karnik, Leslie Baumann, Suzanne Bruce, Valerie Callender, Steven Cohen, Pearl Grimes, John Joseph, Ava Shamban, James Spencer, Ruth Tedaldi, William Philip Werschler, Stacy R. Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

62 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background Acne scarring remains a stubborn clinical problem. Few treatments have been shown to be definitely effective for this problem. Polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) microspheres in collagen (ArteFill, Suneva Medical Inc, Santa Barbara, CA) have shown long-term benefit for nasolabial fold treatment. A pilot study has shown benefit for PMMA-collagen in atrophic acne scarring. Objective We sought to demonstrate the safety and effectiveness of PMMA-collagen for acne scarring in a controlled, blinded trial. Methods Subjects with at least 4 moderate to severe rolling, atrophic scars randomly received PMMA-collagen or saline injections. Subjects underwent up to 2 injection sessions and were followed up for 6 months. Efficacy was assessed using a validated rating scale for each scar. Results In all, 147 subjects underwent injections. Success was achieved by 64% of those treated with PMMA-collagen compared with 33% of control subjects (P =.0005). The treatment showed excellent safety with generally mild, reversible adverse events. No significant differences in efficacy or safety were noted between genders, for darker skin types, or in older age groups. Limitations Subjects were followed up for only 6 months. Conclusion PMMA-collagen demonstrates substantial effectiveness in the treatment of atrophic acne scars of the face while maintaining an excellent safety profile. Further follow-up should be undertaken to demonstrate longer-term benefit and safety.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)77-83
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the American Academy of Dermatology
Volume71
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2014

Keywords

  • acne
  • acne scars
  • collagen
  • dermal filler
  • microspheres
  • polymethylmethacrylate

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