A dermatologic assessment of 101 mpox (monkeypox) cases from 13 countries during the 2022 outbreak: Skin lesion morphology, clinical course, and scarring

Sonya Prasad, Cristina Galvan Casas, Alexis G. Strahan, L. Claire Fuller, Klint Peebles, Andrea Carugno, Kieron S. Leslie, Joanna L. Harp, Teodora Pumnea, Devon E. McMahon, Misha Rosenbach, Janet E. Lubov, Geoffrey Chen, Lindy P. Fox, Allen McMillen, Henry W. Lim, Alexander J. Stratigos, Terrence A. Cronin, Mark D. Kaufmann, George J. HruzaLars E. French, Esther E. Freeman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: In the 2022 mpox (monkeypox) outbreak, 79,000 global cases have been reported. Yet, limited dermatologic data have been published regarding lesion morphology and progression. Objective: The objective of this study was to characterize skin lesion morphology, symptomatology, and outcomes of mpox infection over time. Methods: The American Academy of Dermatology/International League of Dermatological Societies Dermatology COVID-19, Mpox, and Emerging Infections Registry captured deidentified patient cases of mpox entered by health care professionals. Results: From August 4 to November 13, 2022, 101 cases from 13 countries were entered, primarily by dermatologists (92%). Thirty-nine percent had fewer than 5 lesions. In 54% of cases, skin lesions were the first sign of infection. In the first 1-5 days of infection, papules (36%), vesicles (17%), and pustules (20%) predominated. By days 6-10, pustules (36%) were most common, followed by erosions/ulcers (27%) and crusts/scabs (24%). Crusts/scabs were the predominant morphology after day 11. Ten cases of morbilliform rash were reported. Scarring occurred in 13% of the cases. Limitations: Registry-reported data cannot address incidence. There is a potential reporting bias from the predilection to report cases with greater clinical severity. Discussion: These findings highlight differences in skin findings compared to historical outbreaks, notably the presence of skin lesions prior to systemic symptoms and low overall lesion counts. Scarring emerged as a major possible sequela.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1066-1073
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the American Academy of Dermatology
Volume88
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2023

Keywords

  • general dermatology
  • global health
  • immunocompromised
  • infectious disease
  • international health
  • medical dermatology
  • monkeypox
  • mpox
  • skin lesions
  • vaccine
  • viral infection
  • virus

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