A comparison of parathyroid hormone-related protein (1-36) and parathyroid hormone (1-34) on markers of bone turnover and bone density in postmenopausal women: The PrOP study

Mara J. Horwitz, Marilyn Augustine, Leila Kahn, Emily Martin, Christine C. Oakley, Raquel M. Carneiro, Mary Beth Tedesco, Angela Laslavic, Susan M. Sereika, Alessandro Bisello, Adolfo Garcia-Ocaña, Caren M. Gundberg, Jane A. Cauley, Andrew F. Stewart

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Abstract

Parathyroid hormone-related protein (PTHrP)(1-36) increases lumbar spine (LS) bone mineral density (BMD), acting as an anabolic agent when injected intermittently, but it has not been directly compared with parathyroid hormone (PTH)(1-34). We performed a 3-month randomized, prospective study in 105 postmenopausal women with low bone density or osteoporosis, comparing daily subcutaneous injections of PTHrP(1-36) to PTH(1-34). Thirty-five women were randomized to each of three groups: PTHrP(1-36) 400 μg/day; PTHrP(1-36) 600 μg/day; and PTH(1-34) 20 μg/day. The primary outcome measures were changes in amino-terminal telopeptides of procollagen 1 (PINP) and carboxy-terminal telopeptides of collagen 1 (CTX). Secondary measures included safety parameters, 1,25(OH)2 vitamin D, and BMD. The increase in bone resorption (CTX) by PTH(1-34) (92%) (p < 0.005) was greater than for PTHrP(1-36) (30%) (p < 0.05). PTH(1-34) also increased bone formation (PINP) (171%) (p < 0.0005) more than either dose of PTHrP(1-36) (46% and 87%). The increase in PINP was earlier (day 15) and greater than the increase in CTX for all three groups. LS BMD increased equivalently in each group (p < 0.05 for all). Total hip (TH) and femoral neck (FN) BMD increased equivalently in each group but were only significant for the two doses of PTHrP(1-36) (p < 0.05) at the TH and for PTHrP(1-36) 400 (p < 0.05) at the FN. PTHrP(1-36) 400 induced mild, transient (day 15) hypercalcemia. PTHrP(1-36) 600 required a dose reduction for hypercalcemia in three subjects. PTH(1-34) was not associated with hypercalcemia. Each peptide induced a marked biphasic increase in 1,25(OH) 2D. Adverse events (AE) were similar among the three groups. This study demonstrates that PTHrP(1-36) and PTH(1-34) cause similar increases in LS BMD. PTHrP(1-36) also increased hip BMD. PTH(1-34) induced greater changes in bone turnover than PTHrP(1-36). PTHrP(1-36) was associated with mild transient hypercalcemia. Longer-term studies using lower doses of PTHrP(1-36) are needed to define both the optimal dose and full clinical benefits of PTHrP.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2266-2276
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Bone and Mineral Research
Volume28
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2013

Keywords

  • ANABOLIC
  • BONE TURNOVER
  • DXA
  • OSTEOPOROSIS
  • PTH
  • PTHrP

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