A comparison of hemodynamic indices derived by invasive monitoring and two-dimensional echocardiography.

D. M. Thys, Z. Hillel, M. E. Goldman, B. P. Mindich, J. A. Kaplan

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136 Scopus citations

Abstract

Intraoperative two-dimensional echocardiography (2D-echo) is useful for monitoring global and regional left ventricular function. The 2D-echo view most frequently utilized during intraoperative monitoring is the short-axis view at the level of the papillary muscles. To determine whether hemodynamic data can be derived from this single 2D-echo short-axis view, 12 patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) were studied. All patients had normal left-ventricular function preoperatively (ejection fraction = 64% +/- 12%). Echo-data were obtained before and after cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) by epicardial placement of a 5 MHz echo-transducer. The correlation between thermodilution and echo-derived cardiac indices was good (r = 0.8), and not significantly different from the correlation between stroke indices (r = 0.68). A strong positive correlation was established between end-diastolic volume index and echo cardiac index (CIE) (r = 0.93 before CPB; r = 0.91 after CPB) and end-diastolic area index and CIE (r = 0.94 before CPB; r = 0.91 after CPB). The pulmonary capillary wedge pressure was not a determinant of cardiac index before or after cardiopulmonary bypass. No correlation was observed between systemic vascular resistance and echo-derived wall stress. These findings demonstrate that, in patients with good left-ventricular function undergoing CABG surgery, 2D-echo provides a better index of left-ventricular preload than conventional invasive hemodynamic monitoring.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)630-634
Number of pages5
JournalAnesthesiology
Volume67
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1987

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