A comparative study of respiratory function in male workers occupationally exposed to organic aerosols

Eucenija Žuškin, Jadranka Mustajbegović, E. Neil Schachter, Josipa Kern, Jasna Pucarin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background and Purpose: Occupational exposure to organic aerosols may cause the develoment of respiratory symptoms as well as lung function deterioration. Material and Methods: The prevalence of acute and chronic respiratory symptoms as well as measures of ventilatory capacity were studied in 432 men occupationally exposed to organic aerosols in different industries processing organic materials, such as textile fibers and food materials. In addition, 419 not exposed male workers were included in the study. Results: There was a high prevalence of acute and chronic respiratory symptoms in all exposed groups. The highest prevalence was recorded for chronic cough, chronic phlegm, dyspnea and nasal catarrh. Regarding acute symptoms, the most freguent were dyspnea, throat and eye irritation, and dryness of the nose. In most groups there were across shift reductions of ventilatory capacity tests, being most pronounced for FEF25 with value ranging from -4.7% to -27.2% and for FEF50 from -4.6% to -17.4%. Baseline lung function (as percentage of predicted) was reduced. FEF25 in particular was on average decreased below 80% of predicted (range: 66.3% to 92.9%). The prevalence of respiratory symptoms as well as lung function changes were considerably decreased compared to controls. Conclusion: Our data suggest that industrial workers employed in exposure to difference organic aerosols may develop respiratory impairment. Such changes are related to duration of exposure as well as to smoking habit.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)45-51
Number of pages7
JournalPeriodicum Biologorum
Volume105
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 2003

Keywords

  • Male workers
  • Organic aerosols
  • Respiratory function
  • Ventilatory capacity

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