A collaborative analysis of individual participant data from 19 prospective studies assesses circulating Vitamin D and prostate cancer risk

Ruth C. Travis, Aurora Perez-Cornago, Paul N. Appleby, Demetrius Albanes, Corinne E. Joshu, Pamela L. Lutsey, Alison M. Mondul, Elizabeth A. Platz, Stephanie J. Weinstein, Tracy M. Layne, Kathy J. Helzlsouer, Kala Visvanathan, Domenico Palli, Petra H. Peeters, Bas Bueno-de-Mesquita, Antonia Trichopoulou, Marc J. Gunter, Konstantinos K. Tsilidis, Maria Jose Sanchez, Anja OlsenHermann Brenner, Ben Schottker, Laura Perna, Bernd Holleczek, Paul Knekt, Harri Rissanen, Bu B. Yeap, Leon Flicker, Osvaldo P. Almeida, Yuen Yee Elizabeth Wong, June M. Chan, Edward L. Giovannucci, Meir J. Stampfer, Giske Ursin, Randi E. Gislefoss, Tone Bjørge, Haakon E. Meyer, Rune Blomhoff, Shoichiro Tsugane, Norie Sawada, Dallas R. English, Darryl W. Eyles, Alicia K. Heath, Elizabeth J. Williamson, Jonas Manjer, Johan Malm, Martin Almquist, Loic Le Marchand, Christopher A. Haiman, Lynne R. Wilkens, Jeannette M. Schenk, Cathy M. Tangen, Amanda Black, Michael B. Cook, Wen Yi Huang, Regina G. Ziegler, Richard M. Martin, Freddie C. Hamdy, Jenny L. Donovan, David E. Neal, Mathilde Touvier, Serge Hercberg, Pilar Galan, Melanie Deschasaux, Timothy J. Key, Naomi E. Allen

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27 Scopus citations


Previous prospective studies assessing the relationship between circulating concentrations of vitamin D and prostate cancer risk have shown inconclusive results, particularly for risk of aggressive disease. In this study, we examine the association between prediagnostic concentrations of 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] and 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D [1,25(OH)2D] and the risk of prostate cancer overall and by tumor characteristics. Principal investigators of 19 prospective studies provided individual participant data on circulating 25(OH)D and 1,25(OH)2D for up to 13,462 men with incident prostate cancer and 20,261 control participants. ORs for prostate cancer by study-specific fifths of season-standardized vitamin D concentration were estimated using multivariable-adjusted conditional logistic regression. 25(OH)D concentration was positively associated with risk for total prostate cancer (mul-tivariable-adjusted OR comparing highest vs. lowest study-specific fifth was 1.22; 95% confidence interval, 1.13–1.31; P trend < 0.001). However, this association varied by disease aggressiveness (Pheterogeneity ¼ 0.014); higher circulating 25(OH)D was associated with a higher risk of nonaggressive disease (OR per 80 percentile increase ¼ 1.24, 1.13–1.36) but not with aggressive disease (defined as stage 4, metastases, or prostate cancer death, 0.95, 0.78–1.15). 1,25(OH)2D concentration was not associated with risk for prostate cancer overall or by tumor characteristics. The absence of an association of vitamin D with aggressive disease does not support the hypothesis that vitamin D deficiency increases prostate cancer risk. Rather, the association of high circulating 25(OH)D concentration with a higher risk of nonaggressive prostate cancer may be influenced by detection bias. Significance: This international collaboration comprises the largest prospective study on blood vitamin D and prostate cancer risk and shows no association with aggressive disease but some evidence of a higher risk of nonaggressive disease.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)274-285
Number of pages12
JournalCancer Research
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2019
Externally publishedYes


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