A case of IgG4-related lung disease complicated by asymptomatic chronic Epstein-Barr virus infection

Yasuaki Kotetsu, Satoshi Ikegame, Keiko Takebe-Akazawa, Takaomi Koga, Kan Okabayashi, Shohei Takata

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Introduction: IgG4-related disease is characterized by IgG4-positive plasmacyte infiltration into various organs, but its etiology is not unknown. Objectives: To elucidate the etiology of IgG4-related disease. Methods: We experienced an interesting case of IgG4-related lung disease complicated by chronic EB virus infection. Results: A 70-year-old male visited our hospital due to failure of pneumonia treatment. Chest computed tomography (CT) showed consolidation in the right middle field and slight mediastinal lymphadenopathy in the subcarinal region. Lung consolidation improved with antibiotics; subcarinal lymphadenopathy progressed after 4 months. Malignant lymphoma was suspected given elevated sIL2-R levels (1862 U/mL). Patchy ground glass opacities appeared in the bilateral lung field just before surgical biopsy. He was diagnosed with IgG4-related lung disease after inspection of a pathological specimen obtained from the right upper lung and right hilar lymph node. EB virus-infected cells were also detected in the lymph node. Blood examination revealed EB virus viremia, but the patient did not present with symptoms or organ involvement. This led to a diagnosis of asymptomatic chronic EB virus infection. Conclusion: Recent studies have suggested an association between EB virus infection and IgG4-related diseases in the pathological exploration of surgically resected lymph nodes. Our case is the first case of IgG4-related lung disease in which EB virus infection was both pathologically and clinically proved. The present case is of particular interest in view of this newly reported association, and may serve as a fundamental report for future studies connecting EB virus infection with IgG4-related diseases.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1012-1017
Number of pages6
JournalClinical Respiratory Journal
Issue number6
StatePublished - Nov 2017
Externally publishedYes


  • EB virus
  • Epstein-Barr virus
  • IgG4-related disease
  • IgG4-related lung disease


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