A 51-Year-Old Woman With Interstitial Lung Disease and Subsequent COVID-19 Presenting With Worsening Dyspnea

Nicole Ng, Jigna Zatakia, Mary B. Beasley, Michael Chung, Manisha Balwani, Chanan Stauffer, Edward H. Schuchman, Sakshi Dua

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Case Presentation: A 51-year-old Puerto Rican woman, with a known but inconclusive diagnosis of interstitial lung disease (ILD) since 2002 and recent moderate COVID-19, is now presenting with subacute worsening dyspnea on exertion. The patient had sporadic medical care over the years for her ILD (Table 1). Prior workup included chest CT imaging with a “crazy-paving” pattern of lung disease, as defined by ground-glass opacity with superimposed interlobular septal thickening and visible intralobular lines. Bronchoscopy showed normal airway examination, and BAL revealed clear fluid with foamy macrophages and negative cultures. Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery and transbronchial biopsy specimens both showed foamy macrophages. Results of pulmonary function testing (PFT) revealed an isolated gas transfer defect on diffusing capacity of the lungs for carbon monoxide (DLCO). She had lived with mild yet nonprogressive functional impairment and stable exercise intolerance over these years. She was then hospitalized for COVID-19 in August 2020 and for recurrent shortness of breath in September 2020. She now presented 4 months following her September 2020 hospitalization.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e19-e25
JournalChest
Volume162
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2022

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