6-Phosphofructo-2-kinase/fructose-2,6-bisphosphatase: Suiting structure to need, in a family of tissue-specific enzymes

M. Raafat El-Maghrabi, Frank Noto, Ning Wu, Nathan Manes

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

28 Scopus citations

Abstract

The present review addresses recent advances in research into a family of bifunctional enzymes that are responsible for the twofold task of synthesizing and hydrolyzing fructose-2,6-bisphosphate (Fru-2,6-P2), which in turn regulates the rate of glycolysis in most cells. The structure of the synthetic kinase, conjoined at its carboxyl-terminus to the phosphatase, is very highly conserved throughout evolution and differentiation, with isotypic expression arising from highly variable amino-terminal and carboxyl-terminal regulatory domains. These domains, which frequently contain protein-kinase-catalyzed phosphorylation motifs, are responsible for the widely divergent kinetics observed in various tissues and species, and for the hormonal modulation that alters intracellular levels of Fru-2,6-P2. The present review discusses recent advances in relating structure to function, and the identification of new pathways of transcriptional regulation of this important family of regulatory enzymes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)411-418
Number of pages8
JournalCurrent Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
Volume4
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 2001
Externally publishedYes

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