2D and 3D matrices to study linear invadosome formation and activity

Julie Di Martino, Elodie Henriet, Zakaria Ezzoukhry, Chandrani Mondal, Jose Javier Bravo-Cordero, Violaine Moreau, Frederic Saltel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


Cell adhesion, migration, and invasion are involved in many physiological and pathological processes. For example, during metastasis formation, tumor cells have to cross anatomical barriers to invade and migrate through the surrounding tissue in order to reach blood or lymphatic vessels. This requires the interaction between cells and the extracellular matrix (ECM). At the cellular level, many cells, including the majority of cancer cells, are able to form invadosomes, which are F-actin-based structures capable of degrading ECM. Invadosomes are protrusive actin structures that recruit and activate matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs). The molecular composition, density, organization, and stiffness of the ECM are crucial in regulating invadosome formation and activation. In vitro, a gelatin assay is the standard assay used to observe and quantify invadosome degradation activity. However, gelatin, which is denatured collagen I, is not a physiological matrix element. A novel assay using type I collagen fibrils was developed and used to demonstrate that this physiological matrix is a potent inducer of invadosomes. Invadosomes that form along the collagen fibrils are known as linear invadosomes due to their linear organization on the fibers. Moreover, molecular analysis of linear invadosomes showed that the discoidin domain receptor 1 (DDR1) is the receptor involved in their formation. These data clearly demonstrate the importance of using a physiologically relevant matrix in order to understand the complex interactions between cells and the ECM.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere54911
JournalJournal of Visualized Experiments
Issue number124
StatePublished - 2 Jun 2017


  • 3D invasion
  • Bioengineering
  • Collagen I
  • Degradation activity
  • Extracellular matrix
  • Issue 124
  • Linear invadosome


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