2021 ESC Guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of acute and chronic heart failure

ESC Scientific Document Group

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

6246 Scopus citations
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3599-3726
Number of pages128
JournalEuropean Heart Journal
Volume42
Issue number36
DOIs
StatePublished - 21 Sep 2021

Keywords

  • Guidelines
  • acute heart failure
  • advanced heart failure
  • arrhythmias
  • cardiac resynchronization therapy
  • comorbidities
  • diagnosis
  • ejection fraction
  • heart failure
  • hospitalization
  • mechanical circulatory support
  • multidisciplinary management
  • natriuretic peptides
  • neuro-hormonal antagonists
  • pharmacotherapy
  • transplantation

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