γ-Hydroxybuttersäure (GHB) als K.O.-Mittel und sexuelle Delinquenz

Translated title of the contribution: γ- Hydroxybutyric acid (GHB) as date rape drug in sexual assaults

Justus Beike, Catia M. Loddo, Markus A. Rothschild

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Especially γ- Hydroxybutyric acid (GHB, .,Liquid Ecstasy") and its precursors γ-Butyrolakton (GBL) and 1,4-Butandiol (BDO) which are transformed to GHB in humans, have been observed as knock-out substances with sexual offences. A low single dose GHB (adults about 1-2 g per os) to a person that is not used to take GHB can have a mild exhilarating, euphoric, anxiolytic, and relaxing effect. With increasing dosage (from 2,5 g) drowsiness, vertigo, nausea, vomiting, disorientation, agitation, myoclonia, and bradycardia will arouse. A dosage of 3-4 g per os (adults) results in consciousness and respiratory depression within minutes. A dosage of 4-5 g can cause a comatous state. In 2008 22 sexual offence cases with hints for the use of narcotics were examined in our toxicological laboratory: blood and urine samples in 11 cases, blood only in 7 cases, urine samples only in 4 cases. The average time interval between the offence and blood taking was 6.2 hrs, and between offence and giving an urine sample 14.6 hrs. A GHB concentration higher than the physiological level could not be detected in any of the cases. In 12 cases cannabinoides (n∈=∈7), amphetamine (n∈=∈2), cocaine (n∈=∈1), diazepam (n∈=∈3) as well as fluoxetin, citalopram, and dihydrocodein (n∈=∈1 each) could be detected. With a very short half life of GHB and its precursors a fast collecting of blood and urine is essential, when it is believed that GHB had been used. In these cases also a good and proper interview of the victim is of significant importance, especially concerning the phase of the intoxication as well as the recovery phase.

Translated title of the contributionγ- Hydroxybutyric acid (GHB) as date rape drug in sexual assaults
Original languageGerman
Pages (from-to)287-293
Number of pages7
JournalForensische Psychiatrie, Psychologie, Kriminologie
Volume3
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2009
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • 1,4-Butandiol
  • Date rape drug
  • Drug facilitated sexual assault
  • GHB
  • γ-Butyrolakton

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