Structure and mechanism of multisubunit complexes of DNA polymerase zeta

    Project Details


    Eukaryotic replicative DNA polymerases (Pols), Pols ? and ? belong to the B-family of Pols and they replicate DNA with a very high fidelity. Although DNA polymerase ? (Pol?) is also a member of the B-family, it differs from the replicative Pols in that it synthesizes DNA with a lower fidelity, and plays a critical role in promoting replication through a wide variety of DNA lesions. Pol? is unique in this regard. Catalytically active Pol? is comprised of the Rev3 catalytic and Rev7 accessory subunits; however, we showed that the polymerase contains two additional subunits in vivo, Pol31 and Pol32, and we refer to this four-subunit complex as Pol?-d. Moreover, we have shown recently that Rev1, a member of the Y-family of Pols, is also a stoichiometric component of Pol?-d, and we refer to this five-subunit complex as Pol?-d1. Our ability to purify Pol?-d and Pol?- d1 opens up these multi-subunit complexes for a detailed mechanistic and structural analysis. We are able to ask for the first time questions related to the overall architecture of Pol?-d and Pol??d1 and how Pol31, Pol32, and Rev1 potentiate the catalytic activity of Pol? on undamaged and damaged DNA substrates. In Aim 1, we will carry out cryo-electron microscopy (cryo-EM) analysis of Pol?-d and Pol?-d1 in the presence of DNA, taking advantage of the latest developments in direct detection device cameras for imaging single molecules and software for 3-D reconstruction at high-resolution. These studies will build on our earlier low-resolution model of Pol?-d and reveal for the first time how the enzyme actually interacts with DNA and the nature of protein- protein contacts between the various subunits. In Aim 2, we will carry out pre-steady-state kinetic analyses to determine the action mechanisms of Pol?-d, and Pol?-d1. These studies will be performed in conjunction with the structural studies (Aim 1) to obtain a kinetic picture of the reaction pathway. We will also test the structures by biochemical and genetic approaches, whereby residues in the Rev3 active site and those that mediate subunit protein-protein interactions will be mutated and assayed for their effect on DNA synthesis in vitro and on DNA damage response in vivo. Altogether, the proposed studies are important for understanding how eukaryotic cells cope with a diverse array of DNA lesions induced by exogenous and endogenous genotoxic agents.
    Effective start/end date15/09/1831/08/22


    • National Institute of General Medical Sciences: $463,585.00
    • National Institute of General Medical Sciences: $480,960.00
    • National Institute of General Medical Sciences: $463,585.00
    • National Institute of General Medical Sciences: $463,585.00


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