Individual-, family- and neighborhood-level predictors of mental disorders: prospective studies of 2.8 million children and adolescents

Project Details

Description

Mental disorders may begin to manifest early in life and more knowledge on which children and adolescents who are at increased risk of these disorders is thus important. It is likely that factors at several levels influence mental health in children and adolescents. We will examine the separate and combined effects of individual factors (e.g. country of birth), family factors (e.g. family income) and neighbourhood factors (e.g. deprivation, crime) on mental disorders. Longitudinal data on all Swedish residents aged 6-18 years at any point between 1973 and 2010 will be analyzed for diagnoses of the most frequent mental disorders (e.g. anxiety, mood disorders, ADHD, conduct disorder, eating disorders). A subset of individuals will also be followed into young adulthood, which will allow us to compare the short- and long-term effects of individual, family and neighbourhood factors on mental health outcomes. We will also explore the effects of parental factors (e.g. criminality, substance abuse and mental ill-health) on risk of mental disorders in the offspring, and disentangle the relative contributions of genetics and family environment. To achieve these aims, we link individual- and family-level sociodemographic data (from the Total Population Register), data on multigenerational families (Multigeneration Register) and health care data (including primary health care data) to comprehensive data on neighbourhood-level social environments. All these data are nationwide.

StatusFinished
Effective start/end date1/01/1331/12/16

Funding

  • Vetenskapsrådet: $506,726.00

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